The social aspect of adapting to climate change: reducing the risk of conflict – World


In developing countries, the effects of climate change interact with factors such as underdevelopment, heavy reliance on natural resource-based livelihoods, inequality, weak state institutions and marginalization. to increase the risk of insecurity and violent conflict. In addition to sustainable development and climate change mitigation, adaptation to climate change is another key entry point for addressing climate-related security risks. However, key social factors that can positively influence adaptation outcomes and ultimately mitigate climate-related security risks are often overlooked.

This SIPRI policy brief offers an overview of the importance of social capital in facilitating adaptation to climate change and preventing and resolving community conflicts related to natural resources in developing countries. The guidance note recommends: (a) improving trust between communities and governments through collaborative processes for knowledge exchange, prioritization and identification of appropriate climate change adaptation practices ; and (b) increase knowledge of climate change among traditional and local leaders to strengthen local conflict resolution mechanisms.


Katongo Seyuba is a research assistant in the Climate Change and Risks program at SIPRI.

Dr Farah Hegazi is a researcher in the Climate Change and Risks program at SIPRI.

Teresa H. Sadler