Mohieldin: Universities and research centers play a vital role in solving climate problems
Dr. Mahmoud Mohieldin, United Nations High Level Champion on Climate Change for Egypt, highlighted the importance of the contribution of universities, research centers and other higher education institutions in the discussion and solving the challenges of climate change on a sound scientific basis.
His remarks came as he participated in a webinar on Thursday hosted by the American University in Cairo (AUC) to discuss and launch its climate change initiative.
Mohieldin said that continuous scientific research and studies on different aspects of climate change lead to an accumulation of knowledge that helps progress on the front lines of the climate crisis, and this amplifies the importance of the role of universities and research centers. through teaching, creating partnerships and providing services to climate actors and sharing knowledge at local, national and regional levels.
At this point, Mohieldin encouraged Egyptian universities to collaborate and compete in launching climate initiatives that strengthen Egypt’s role in the fight against climate change, and to share its experience in its Arab, African regional environment. and Mediterranean.
Regarding what COP27 can achieve in the shadow of a complicated global political and economic scene, Mohieldin said that previous COPs have made a great accumulation of knowledge, discussed and adopted frameworks either defined by the UN such as the 2030 SD agenda or those defined by different governments, and they have made recommendations and promises to change the climate situation, which gives a good chance for the Sharm El Sheikh conference to be the starting line of effective implementation of climate action.
He expressed his belief that COP27 can effect change and achieve its goals in light of Egypt’s holistic approach to climate action either regionally or by discussing the four pillars of the climate crisis. (mitigation, adaptation, financing, loss and damage) within the broader framework of the SDGs.
Mohieldin pointed out that the existence of frameworks and proposals for climate projects makes the effective implementation of these projects the main success factor of COP27, saying that the holding of 5 main regional meetings in July and August aims to mobilize efforts and funding needed for climate action before Sharm El Sheikh. conference in November.
He explained that the implementation of climate projects requires finance, resources and technologies that help achieve climate goals, adding that COP27 will discuss the fulfillment of previous financial commitments, topped by the 100 billion dollars annually promised by the Copenhagen conference and the 130,000 billion dollars promised by the GFANZ coalition, in addition to discussing the mechanisms for the transition from debt to investments, the establishment of a carbon market adapted to emerging markets, and the involvement of the private sector in funding and implementing climate projects under certain criteria to avoid mismanagement of climate action and overcome green washing.
“Climate action should help solve the problems that people are suffering from. People in different villages, cities and regions around the world should touch the results of this action on the ground. Mohieldin said, adding that the Egyptian Presidency of the COP27 prioritizes the localization of climate projects in light of the implementation of initiatives such as “Decent Life” which aims to raise the level of services offered to millions of Egyptian villagers.
Asked about the trend in Europe in recent years to operate coal-fired power plants and rely on fuel as a source of energy, Mohieldin said that this approach had been adopted by some countries under the pressure of political and economic crises, and that it had led to hampering efforts to reduce greenhouse gases. .
He added that increasing investment in green energy sources such as solar energy, green hydrogen and other renewable energies is the only way to combat global warming in the medium and long term, concluding that green and smart economic transition and sustainability are the two strands of climate action. to deal with the impacts of global warming.