How is Canada affected by climate change?
In 2021, Canada set a record by experiencing the highest temperature, which would also have resulted in the death of people. In this article, we will learn how climate change, caused by global warming, greenhouse gas emissions, and industrialization, is impacting Canada.
The temperature of the oceans near Canada has increased, they are losing oxygen and warming. Canada is warming faster than the world; its rate of warming is more than twice the global rate.
These changes can affect the life of marine ecosystems. Widespread warming is affecting many parts of Canada and is expected to intensify in the future.
Climate change in Canada has increased the rate of precipitation in most parts of Canada as they experience less snowfall and more precipitation. Thus, climate change may reduce the availability of fresh water in the summer and may increase heat waves, which may lead to the risk of forest fires and coastal flooding in various Canadian regions.
Read also: Importance of 2022 in the fight against climate change
Widespread warming in Canada is affecting Canada’s climate and Canadians may experience the following changes
- Extreme heat
- Longer growing seasons
- Melting of the glaciers
- Less extreme cold
- Shorter snow and ice cover seasons
- Permafrost thaw
- Sea level rise
The Government of Canada website reports that in 2021, Canadians experienced extreme weather conditions due to climate change. The year started with windstorms in the west and ended with rain, windstorms and flooding in western Canada.
Excessive heat in Canada in 2021 has warmed northern Canada and made it hotter. The northern geography has seen shrinking and thinning sea ice, rising sea levels, less salty, warmer and more acidic ocean water.
It had its hottest day on June 29, 2021, when a village named Lytton in British Columbia recorded a high temperature of 49.6°C. The next day, Lytton caught fire and burned. The raging forest fire resulted in the death of two people.
Also read: The impact of climate change on the warming of the Winter Olympics?
How will climate change affect Canada’s future?
Climate Action Network Canada reports that Atlantic Canada is a region of Canada that is heavily impacted by global climate change. This region is expected to face various natural disasters in the future due to temperature increase, such as coastal erosion, sea level rise, storm surge and other natural calamities.
This climate change will also affect coastal communities near Atlantic Canada. In addition, it will negatively impact the vital infrastructure and industries that take care of Atlantic communities.
The Prairies are Canada’s leading drylands committed to supporting agricultural industries. But the retreat of glaciers, the decrease in the flow of rivers in summer, the lack of water and several other factors of climate change can affect this sector in a negative way. Changes in precipitation patterns can cause flooding in Canadian regions.
Along with this, climate change may also affect agricultural production and gross farm income. Growing demand for agricultural products, water and lack of rainfall could affect important sectors in Alberta, Manitoba and Saskatchewan.
Increasing coastal erosion, droughts, storm surges, wildfires, landslides, hail and other calamities can severely affect western Canadian regions like British Columbia and Alberta . For example, Canada’s west coast fisheries will likely be affected by sea level rise, warming freshwater and other climate changes.
Also Read: 7 Canadian Actions Fighting Climate Change
Image credit: © 2022 Kalkine Media®
At the end of the line
Climate change is causing threats and disasters around the world. This will affect sea levels, increase hunger and water crises, recede glaciers, alter rainfall patterns, and increase droughts and heat waves.
So it is a worrying issue and things need to be done to save our earth like using renewable resources, eliminating carbon emissions, using water wisely, recycling and other ways that can help save our planet.