Distinct attempt to forget rich countries’ contributions to climate problems: India
New Delhi: Progress on key issues at the ongoing UN climate summit has not been good due to divergent views on some fundamental approaches to climate issues, the environment minister said on Wednesday. of the Union, Bhupender Yadav.
He said there is a distinct attempt to “forget or overlook” the historical contributions and responsibilities of developed nations.
Yadav said India was co-leading (with Australia) ministerial consultations on key outstanding issues on climate finance. “As the subject is sensitive, I witness intense negotiations on the issue,” he said.
Many key issues, including the work program on mitigation, the second periodic review, the global adaptation goal and loss and damage, have so far remained unresolved, Yadav said.
“Progress on key issues has not been good due to divergent views on some fundamental approaches to climate issues,” he added.
During discussions, Yadav stressed the need to reiterate the principles of equity and common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities (CBDR-RC).
Equity essentially means that each country’s share of carbon dioxide emissions is equal to its share of the world’s population.
The CBDR-RC principle recognizes that each country is responsible for addressing climate change, but developed countries should bear the primary responsibilities as they account for most historical and current greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.
“There is a distinct attempt to forget or overlook this principle with attempts to emphasize that the Paris Agreement need not adhere to the principles of the convention. I have indicated India’s position that it should not be allowed. The historical contribution and responsibilities of developed nations cannot be overlooked,” he said.
The minister said considering the gaps in pre-2020 ambition in the coverage decision is paramount as this has led to the unfair transfer of the mitigation burden to developing countries in the post-2020 period.
“Sustaining efforts to keep the global temperature increase to 1.5°C will require significantly increased and accelerated mobilization of climate finance from developed countries that have used a disproportionate share of the global carbon budget,” he said. declared.
India also highlighted the need to recognize the gaps in supporting the means of implementation (finance, technology, capacity building), including the delay in mobilizing $100 billion a year from here 2020.
“We need strong language around technology transfer and support. Green premiums for several new technologies remain high and we need the coverage decision to recognize gaps in implementation support means covering technology as well as finance,” Yadav said.
The failure of means to support implementation to developing countries is a systemic failure under the Paris Agreement that continues to be an obstacle to implementation and the pursuit of ambition, did he declare.