China’s efforts on climate change
By the Embassy of the People’s Republic of China to the Kingdom of Tonga
First, China is a country of action against climate change. In 2021, non-fossil fuels accounted for 16.6% of China’s energy consumption, making China the world’s largest consumer of non-fossil fuels. In 2021, the application scale and installed capacity of renewable energy in China both reached record highs. China produces and has installed more hydroelectric, wind, solar and biomass power than any other country in the world. China has been the world leader in new energy vehicle sales for seven consecutive years. In 2020, the share of coal-fired power in China’s installed power capacity fell to an all-time low of less than 50%; total emissions from coal-fired power industries reduced by almost 90% in a decade; coal consumption by power generation units has been reduced, saving more than 700 million tons of raw coal over the past decade.
Second, China has made important contributions to the world’s sustainable energy development. By 2021, over a period of nearly eight years, China had carried out more than 200 foreign aid programs on climate response, provided energy-saving products and equipment and new energy to nearly 40 countries, and helped countries to launch meteorological satellites, to build hydroelectric, solar and wind power plants. China has trained some 2,000 civil servants and professionals specializing in climate response from 120 developing countries. China has also helped modernize Tonga’s energy structure to achieve the goal of clean energy through technical and financial cooperation in solar power plants and aid for wind power projects.
Third, China hopes all parties will actively unite to address the serious challenges caused by climate change through global cooperation. Developed countries must reinforce their historical responsibilities, follow the requirements of the Paris Agreement, take the lead in substantially reducing their emissions and strive to achieve carbon neutrality before 2050. In the meantime, they must give developing countries space for development and emissions, and to honor their commitments to provide developing countries with adequate financial, technological and capacity-building support.