The joint warmest years
globally since world records began in 1856 were 1998 (strong El
Nino), 2005 and 2010. The 2000-2010 decade was the warmest recorded.
The Arctic ice sheet is contracting
at approx 8% per decade.
Shrinking glaciers, thawing permafrost
this is considered one of the greatest risks for future uncontrollable
warming - there is a huge amount of methane released as permafrost
Tropical diseases: additional deaths
due to the migration of disease caused by warming could already be 5
million, according to the World Health Organisation. Also animal
diseases – e.g. the “blue tongue” virus, formerly only found in
Africa, has killed large nos. of sheep in Europe.
Water shortages in Africa - the war in Darfur is
at least partly put down to climate change.
Desertification of Northern China (although also
due to tree removal).
Displacement of Inuits due to melting
Increased severity and frequency of
weather extremes: in 2010, 17 countries experienced record
temperatures. Extreme flooding in Pakistan and Australia.
Dying coral reefs and planckton due to
increasing acidification of the oceans as they absorb more carbon
dioxide from the air.
lengthening of growing seasons in the most northern and southern
countries, animal and plant species moving towards the poles or to
higher ground, decline of some animal and plant populations, earlier
tree flowering, insect emergence and egg-laying in birds.